Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJD) a dysfunction affecting the upper and lower jaw caused by misalignment of the mandible (lower jaw) with the head (cranium).
Put simply, the upper jaw is not in physiological alignment with the lower jaw, which leads to respective dysfunctions of the muscles and temporomandibular joints.
These anomalies can result in toothaches, jaw pain and facial pain. Strictly speaking, this translates to pain in the chewing muscles (myofascial pain). Since the muscles of the mastication system are connected to the spinal musculature, TMJD symptoms can often extend beyond the head region. This can lead to tensions in the neck and shoulder regions, blocks in the cervical spine, pelvic obliquity, dizziness and nausea. Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) can be used to counteract the underlying dysfunctions and tension which can lead to long-term improvement.